Vuoden 2013 Mauno Koivisto- luento “Design Failures in the Eurozone and How to Fix Them”
Luennoitsijana professori Paul De Grauwe (London School of Economics and Political Science), kommentaattorina professori Sixten Korkman (Aalto-yliopisto)
Aika: 13.9.2013 klo 14
Paikka: Turun Kauppakorkeakoulun Osuuskauppa-sali
Luennon jälkeen kahvitarjoilu.
Tilaisuuden järjestää Turun korkeakoulujen yhteiskunnallis-taloudellinen tutkimusyhdistys ry/Åbohögskolornas förening för social och ekonomisk forskning rf
I analyse the nature of the design failures of the Eurozone. I argue first that the endogenous dynamics of booms and busts that are endemic in capitalism continued to work at the national level in the Eurozone and that the monetary union in no way disciplined these into a union-wide dynamics. On the contrary the monetary union probably exacerbated these national booms and busts. Second, the existing stabilizers that existed at the national level prior to the start of the union were stripped away from the member-states without being transposed at the monetary union level. This left the member states “naked” and fragile, unable to deal with the coming national disturbances. I study the way these failures can be overcome. This leads me to stress the role of the ECB as a lender of last resort and the need to make macroeconomic policies more symmetric so as to avoid a deflationary bias in the Eurozone. I conclude with some thoughts on political unification.